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2006 National Survey of Fishing, Hunting, and Wildlife-Associated Recreation

2006
Organizations/Sources: U.S. Department of the Interior
In 2006, amongst U.S. residents, age 16 and older, 87.5 million people participated in at least one wildlife related recreation activity: 30 million fished, 12.5 million hunted, and 71.1 million participated in at least one type of wildlife-watching activity. Of 6-to-15-year-olds, 1.6 million hunted, 8.3 million fished, and 12 million wildlife watched. Together these individuals spent $122.3 billion on their activities, which equated to 1 percent of the Gross Domestic Product.
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Aug 12, 2015
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2011 National Survey of Fishing, Hunting, and Wildlife-Associated Recreation

2012
Organizations/Sources: U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service
In 2011, amongst U.S. residents ages 16 and older, 90.1 million people participated in at least one wildlife related recreation activity: 33.1 million fished, 13.7 million hunted, and 71.8 million participated in at least one type of wildlife-watching activity. Of 6-to-15-year-olds, 1.8 million hunted, 8.5 million fished, and 11.7 million wildlife watched. Together these individuals spent $122.3 billion on their activities, which equated to 1 percent of the country's Gross Domestic Product.
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Last Modified
Jul 29, 2015
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3373 times

2012 Outdoor Recreation Economy Report

2012
Organizations/Sources: Outdoor Industry Association
This two page summary provides data from 2011 and 2012 that supports the significant beneficial economic impact of outdoor recreation to Pennsylvania's economy.
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Jun 14, 2019
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2353 times

2017 Outdoor Recreation Economy Report

2017
Organizations/Sources: Outdoor Industry Association
Outdoor recreation is among America's largest economic sectors. It is the lifeblood of thousands of communities and provides livelihoods for millions of workers. Outdoor Industry Association issued the first outdoor recreation economy report in the early 2000s; this third edition takes a broader view of the growing industry and its shifting demographics. It is the largest, most comprehensive survey of its kind, and includes results for all 435 U.S. congressional districts in addition to national, regional, and state results.
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Jun 14, 2019
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2329 times

2018 Outdoor Recreation Participation Report

2018
Organizations/Sources: Outdoor Industry Association
Almost half—49.0%—of the US population ages 6 and over participated in an outdoor activity at least once in 2017. This continues three years of slight growth in outdoor participation. During the calendar year, outdoor activities attracted 13.6 million participants who tried outdoor activities for the 1st time or returned after a hiatus. The loss of participants was slightly less—11.9 million people stopped participating— which netted 1.7 million more participants from 2016 to 2017.
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Jun 14, 2019
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37 times

Birding in the United States: A Demographic and Economic Analysis

2011
Organizations/Sources: U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service
Survey identifies common characteristics of birders in the U.S. and estimates that they spend $40 billion on travel and equipment.
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Last Modified
Sep 20, 2017
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1097 times

Economic Impact of Local Parks, Recreation and Open Space in Pennsylvania

A study of the direct and indirect impacts of outdoor recreation travel in Pennsylvania documents the substantial contribution of recreation activities to Pennsylvania’s economy. The study documented recreation related spending in excess of $4 billion which supported 84,120 jobs and generated $770 million in taxes.
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Last Modified
Aug 17, 2018
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1876 times

Economic Impact of Pennsylvania’s Heritage Areas

2016
Organizations/Sources: Center for Rural Pennsylvania
Study found that in 2014, tourists spent an estimated 7.5 million days and nights in Pennsylvania’s heritage areas, purchasing more than $2 billion worth of goods and services. Seventy percent of this spending was purely reliant on heritage-related attractions. The total contribution of heritage visitor spending to the state economy was 25,708 jobs and $798 million in labor income.
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Last Modified
Jul 25, 2018
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712 times

Economic Impact of Pennsylvania’s Heritage Areas (2008)

2008
Organizations/Sources: Heritage PA
State Heritage Areas are large geographic regions or corridors of the commonwealth that span two or more counties and contain a multitude of historic, recreational, natural and scenic resources of state and national significance that collectively exemplify the heritage of Pennsylvania. In 2008, visitors to 8 of 12 heritage areas, both from Pennsylvania and out of state tourists, generated an estimated $255.8 million in direct sales, which supported 4,372 jobs.
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Last Modified
Jun 01, 2018
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4087 times

Economic Importance of Sportfishing in the Matanuska-Susitna Borough

2009
Study shows that annual sport fishing activity in this Alaska municipality generates more than $63 million in spending on goods and services, accounting for over 900 jobs. Fishing also produces over $6 million in state and local taxes.
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Last Modified
Sep 19, 2017
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1064 times

Outdoor Recreation Satellite Account

2018
Organizations/Sources: U.S. Department of Commerce
Report from the Bureau of Economic Analysis highlights the major economic impact of outdoor recreation in the United States. Overall, outdoor recreation is a $373 billion industry, accounting for 2% of U.S. GDP--more than mining, oil, and gas extraction. This report used slightly different methodology than the 2017 Outdoor Industry Association report.
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Mar 05, 2018
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860 times

Pennsylvania Ecotourism: Untapped Potential

1995
Organizations/Sources: Center for Rural Pennsylvania
This guide provides a variety of resources and ideas to establish local ecotourism. Use it to enhance the economy while identifying, teaching, sharing, and preserving unique natural areas that make communities special.
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Aug 13, 2015
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4102 times

Pennsylvania’s Recreation Plan 2004–2008: Executive Summary

2004
This report was created to devise a plan to improve outdoor recreation opportunities throughout the commonwealth of Pennsylvania. This Executive Summary was published in 2010.
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Aug 20, 2018
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1856 times

Pennsylvania’s Wildlife and Wild Places: Our Outdoor Heritage in Peril

2003
Authors: Ben Moyer
In Pennsylvania, sprawling development consumes 350 acres per day and that pace may be accelerating. The sights, sounds, smells and experiences that distinguish rural Pennsylvania and bring Pennsylvanians outside to hunt, fish, and wildlife watch are being lost forever. The report suggests five recommendations to preserve Pennsylvania outdoor heritage, maintain the economic value of wildlife-linked recreation, and sustain rural economies that depend on forests, farms, and outdoor tourism.
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Jul 29, 2015
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3850 times

State and National Economic Impacts of Fishing, Hunting and Wildlife-Related Recreation on U.S. Forest Service-Managed Lands

2006
Between 2000 and 2003, hunters, fishers and wildlife watchers traveling to U.S. Forest Service (USFS) managed lands specifically for those activities spent $1.7 billion within 50 miles of the USFS unit. As these expenditures were spent and re-spent by businesses, additional economic impacts were created for state and national economies and supported 42,342 jobs and $194.0 million in annual federal income tax receipts.
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Jul 29, 2015
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3157 times

The Benefits to Business from Hunting and Fishing Excise Taxes

2011
Revenues from an excise tax on most fishing, hunting, and shooting-sports equipment is used for the maintenance and enhancement of America’s fish and wildlife populations. Abundant, sustainable fish and wildlife populations yield abundant and diverse hunting and fishing opportunities, which leads to more purchases of hunting, fishing, and target shooting equipment. This tax shows how investing in conservation and rehabilitation projects that benefit game species, as well as nongame species, brings significant economic returns.
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Jul 29, 2015
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4115 times

The Economic Benefits of San Francisco's Park and Recreation System

2014
Organizations/Sources: The Trust for Public Land
Study calculates the economic benefits of San Francisco's parks, including $431 million net income from tourist spending and $122 million in boosted property values.
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Sep 20, 2017
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1089 times

The Economic Impact of National Heritage Areas

2013
Organizations/Sources: Tripp Umbach
A Case Study Analysis of Six National Heritage Area Sites in the Northeast Region of the United States and Projections on the National Impact of All National Heritage Areas
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Aug 20, 2018
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1979 times

The Economic Significance of Pennsylvania State Parks: One Page Fact Sheets for Individual State Parks

2010
One-page fact sheets illustrating economic benefits of Pennsylvania state parks.
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Last Modified
Jan 11, 2018
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3112 times

The Legacy of Pennsylvania Parks and Forests: The Future Is in Our Hands

2019
Report analyzing the economic and environmental value of Pennsylvania's state parks and forests, as well as the multi-million dollar maintenance backlog.
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Jan 25, 2019
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386 times

The Power of Outdoor Recreation Spending in Pennsylvania

2018
Across Pennsylvania, millions of residents and nonresidents participated in outdoor recreation activities,generating substantial contributions to the state’s economy. During 2016, there were more than 390,000 jobs supported by outdoor recreation activities in Pennsylvania. More Pennsylvania jobs were supported by outdoor recreation than the production of durable goods (about 356,000 jobs. Collectively, the economic contributions generated by outdoor recreation in Pennsylvania accounted for almost $17 billion in salaries and wages paid to employees and over $300 million in federal, state, and local tax revenue.
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Dec 12, 2018
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453 times