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Transfer of Development Rights

Beyond Takings and Givings

2003
Beyond Takings and Givings provides a step-by-step guide to creating a Transfer of Development Rights program and addresses the most commonly asked questions on this topic. It explains density transfer charges, a tool that reduces the seemingly complex TDR mechanism to a single requirement, and places TDR within the context of the ongoing property rights debate
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Last Modified
Oct 08, 2015
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2431 times

Fact Sheet: Transfer of Development Rights

2001
Organizations/Sources: American Farmland Trust
This four page fact sheet provides a description of transfer development rights, a brief history of TDR and discusses the purposes, benefits and drawbacks of TDRs. It includes acreage statistics from local governments with TDR programs for farmland.
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Oct 08, 2015
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Farmland Information Center

Organizations/Sources: Farmland Information Center
The Farmland Information Center, a partnership between the USDA Natural Resources Conservation Service and American Farmland Trust, is a clearinghouse for information about farmland protection and stewardship. The information on this web page includes resources on the use of transfer of development rights for use in agriculture and rural conservation work.
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Last Modified
May 02, 2011
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2341 times

Field Guide to Transfer Of Development Rights

Organizations/Sources: National Association of Realtors
This page includes information on what TDRs are and how they work, issues in creating a successful TDR program, case studies, and more.
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Oct 08, 2015
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2609 times

Letting the market preserve land: The case for a market-driven TDR program

1999
The inequalities in conventional zoning-based policies leave urban-fringe jurisdictions unable to meet the growing demand for permanently preserved open space. Allocating marketable development rights (MDR) among all landowners treats this problem directly. It also leaves open the option of allowing the market to allocate land to undeveloped uses. A simple market model is used to develop a framework that describes the mechanics of such a program; it allows for comparison with other commonly considered policies. Several concerns policy makers have raised about a market in development rights are addressed. Alternative regulatory responses to perceived market failures are presented. It is suggested that and MDR program offers significant advantages over existing preservation efforts.
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Oct 08, 2015
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Making TDR Work for You

2005
Organizations/Sources: American Planning Association
Transfer of development rights, or TDR, allows increased development in places where a community wants more growth in return for reduced development in places where a community wants less growth. The concept is simple, but can be hard to adopt unless taken step-by-step. This piece is a brief TDR primer.
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Oct 08, 2015
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Purchase of Development Rights

2002
The 2002 edition of Purchase of Development Rights: Conserving Lands, Preserving Western Livelihoods is a cooperative project of the Trust for Public Land, Western Governor's Association, National Cattlemen's Beef Assn, and many other organizations and individuals. This 32 page publication discusses how PDR is helping landowners achieve personal and financial goals, describes how PDR programs work and envisions PDR succeeding in multiple communities.
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Oct 08, 2015
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2118 times

Putting Growth In Its Place With Transfer of Development Rights

1998
Authors: Rick Pruetz
Organizations/Sources: Planning Commissioners Journal
Transfer of development rights offers communities a way of saving environmentally sensitive areas, farmlands, historic landmarks, and other important resources. A look at how transfer of development rights programs work, and what makes some more successful than others.
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Oct 08, 2015
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1858 times

Recent Trends in TDR

2002
This paper reviews the TDR concept and those factors typically found in the most successful TDR programs. It then summarizes the current status of some classic TDR programs and describes some innovations developed by recently discovered TDR programs. Some of these innovations were designed to improve the effectiveness of the TDR program after adoption and some were intended to facilitate adoption itself.
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Oct 08, 2015
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2004 times

Smart Growth / Smart Energy Toolkit: Sample TDR Bylaws

Organizations/Sources: State of Massachusetts
This Toolkit provides easy access to information on planning, zoning, subdivision, site design, and building construction techniques that can make smart growth and smart energy a reality in your community. The materials are designed to increase understanding of smart growth/smart energy tools and policies, as well as how to customize and apply the techniques to suit local circumstances.
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Last Modified
Oct 17, 2009
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1804 times

The Etowah Initiative

1998
In 1998 the state of Georgia passed enabling legislation which authorizes local jurisdictions to implement transferable development rights (TDR) programs in their communities. This report offers an introduction to transferable development rights and presents a series of case studies of TDR programs around the United States. These experiences should be helpful to local governments in Georgia that are considering creating their own TDR programs.
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Last Modified
Oct 08, 2015
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1686 times

The Lancaster County TDR Practitioner’s Handbook

2008
Organizations/Sources: Lancaster County and Brandywine Conservancy
This is a how-to guide for establishing TDR programs at the single- and multi-municipal level in Lancaster County. The handbook is derived from the successful establishment and administration of four single-municipal TDR programs. The handbook’s appendices include an extensive array of model ordinances, legal documents and forms for TDR programs, including a sample intermunicipal TDR agreement intended for use by two or more municipalities who wish to transfer TDRs across municipal boundaries.
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Oct 08, 2015
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Transferable Development Rights: Creating Green & Health Communities

2009
Organizations/Sources: Montgomery County Lands Trust
An appealing 14-minute TDR video highlighting the successful TDR methods and approaches used by open space leaders in nearby Pennsylvania counties.
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Nov 10, 2015
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Transfer of Development Rights: A Flexible Option for Redirecting Growth in Pennsylvania

2003
Organizations/Sources: Brandywine Conservancy
Manual which provides a basic understanding of transfer of development rights as a planning and resource protection tool. 84 pp., color and b/w plates.
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Apr 26, 2011
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Transfer of Development Rights in U.S. Communities: Evaluating program design, implementation, and outcomes

2007
Organizations/Sources: Resources for the Future
This report relied heavily on conversations with local planners, consultants, land use attorneys, and officials at land trusts in the communities under study. The report includes detailed case studies of ten programs in four states. The studies focus on a range of land use goals, including farmland preservation, protection of environmentally sensitive lands and curtailing sprawl.
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Last Modified
Oct 08, 2015
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1940 times

Transfer of Development Rights Programs

Organizations/Sources: Cornell University
A paper presenting the an overview of the transfer of development rights tool, including a history of TDR programs, how they work, advantages and challenges of using them, how local governments can use them, and an analysis of whether they are a good governing tool.
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Oct 08, 2015
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